Land Use Planning

This course will focus on land use planning as a means of articulating tribal visions and values in the development of reservation lands. Emphasis will be given to the planning process including data collection and analysis, public participation, gaining and maintaining political support, and using a plan as a decision making guide. Land use principles, implementation alternatives, and intergovernmental coordination will be covered. Particular attention will be given to land use challenges common in Indian Country such as casino, housing and commercial development; protecting sacred areas; and natural resource management.
Land use planning defined
        Location of uses
        Integration of uses
        Relation to transportation
        Development standards
        Decision making processes
        Implementation issues
Importance of land use planning
Examples of land use challenges in Indian Country
        New housing development
        Casino location
        Resort impacts on surrounding community
        Protecting sacred areas
        Natural resource management
        Commercial development
        Inter-government coordination
        Road location
Standard U.S. practice discussed and critiqued with respect to available alternatives
        Values inherent in U.S. practice
        Private property rights
        Single-family homeownership
                Protection of investment
                Racism and classism
        Automobile dominance
        Anti-urban bias
        Conservatism of construction and finance industry
Clarifying tribal values
        Community involvement
        Historical references
Planning horizon
Natural resources analysis
        Scientific analysis
        Indigenous knowledge
Forecasting
        Population projections
        Transportation modeling
        Economic needs
        Secondary data sources
        Collecting primary data
Infrastructure
        Definition
        Location
        Condition
                Improvements needed
        Capacity
        Maintenance costs
        Concept of green infrastructure
Defining amount of land uses needed
Locating land uses
Imposing plans on existing development
Implementation
        Zoning
                Purpose
                Enabling legislation
                Euclidean
                        Basic structure of zoning ordinance
                Performance
                        Format, application, potential
        Subdivision control
                Purpose
                Standards
                        Resource protection
                        Infrastructure requirements
                        Circulation patterns
                        Solar energy access
        Site planning
                Purpose
                Standards
                        Setbacks
                        Bulk requirements
                        Landscape
                        Signage
                        On-site circulation, connectivity
                        Resource protection
                        Aesthetics
Capital investment
Public/private partnerships
Other concepts to be discussed as time and interest permits:
Mixing land uses
Flexible land uses
Transportation/land use connection
Building codes
Dealing with franchises
Regulations versus incentives versus social control
Land use planning as a means for surviving natural disasters
        Flood plain management
        Hurricanes
        Earthquakes
Farmland preservation
Rural versus urban land use planning
Effecting redevelopment